As mentioned in our previous alerts, on 21 July 2019, the Law no. 129/2019 on the prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing entered into force, aligning Romania’s national legislation with EU anti-money laundering requirements and establishing the legal framework for the national Ultimate Beneficial Ownership (UBO) registers.
In case you have not yet complied with this legal obligation, we remind you below, the main terms and conditions, especially that, for already established legal entities, the deadline to submit the declaration is 1st November 2020.
Per Law No. 129/2019 on the prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing, the UBO is defined as (i) any individual(s) who ultimately owns or controls a client, namely a legal entity through direct or indirect ownership or control of sufficient percentage of shares or through control via other means, and/or (ii) any individual(s) on whose behalf a transaction or activity is conducted. A direct or indirect shareholding or ownership interest exceeding 25% in a non-listed company by an individual constitutes evidence that the individual(s) under question controls the respective company.
In case, after exhausting all possible means and provided that there are no grounds for suspicion, no natural person is identified in accordance with the first point, or in case there is any doubt that the identified person is the ultimate beneficial owner, the Law No. 129/2019 provides that the UBO will be indicated as the individual/s who ensure/s the management of the legal entity.
When being incorporated and initially registered with the Trade Registry, or each time a change occurs, Romanian companies must submit an affidavit – the UBO statement – executed by their legal representative containing the following information on the UBO: name and surname, date of birth, personal identification number, series and number of identity card, citizenship, domicile or residence, as well as details regarding ways of control exercised over the company. Companies incorporated in 2019 and earlier, had12 months as of the date on which Law No. 129/2019 entered into force, to submit an initial UBO statement, i.e. May 29th, 2020. However, following the state of emergency triggered by the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, the deadline for submitting the statement to was extended until November 1st, 2020.
All private entities and trusts registered in Romania are required to have adequate, accurate and up-to-date information on their UBOs, including on the mechanism by means of which such control and capacity is exercised, and to have specific data entered into the registers held by:
Breach of this legal provision is punishable by fines of up to RON 10,000 (approx. EUR 2,200). Additionally, to the fine aforementioned, failure to submit the UBO declaration may also attract the dissolution of the company, under the conditions of art. 237 of the Companies Law no. 31/1990, republished, with subsequent modifications and completions.
In case you will need assistance regarding the above, we will offer full assistance in preparing/drafting the required documentation, offering signatory guidance and representing the company in front of the Trade Register to submit the UBO statement, with minimum involvement on your side.
For any further information and assistance with respect to the above topic and any other legal matters which may be in your interest, please do not hesitate to contact us at our usual contact details which are available on www.peterkapartners.com
PETERKA & PARTNERS Romania